The Digital Index of Middle English Verse
DIMEV 1092
IMEV 666
Cupido unto whose commandment
Thomas Hoccleve, Lespistre de Cupide, adapted from Christian de Pisan — sixty-eight stanzas rhyme royal. For three extracts in London, British Library Addit. 17492 [Devonshire], see 6779, 2697, and 2079.5.
Note: Ringler Jr. (1992) TM 339; Ringler Jr. (1988) TP 333.5.
Author(s): Thomas Hoccleve; Christine de Pisan
Title(s): Lespistre de Cupide
Subjects: love letters
Versification: — seven-line — ababbcc

Manuscript Witnesses:
1.Source: Oxford, Bodleian Library Arch. Selden B. 24 (SC 3354), ff. 211v-217
First Lines:
Cupido vnto quhois commandement
The gentill kynred of goddis onely…
Last Lines:
…The ȝere of god Ioyfull and Iocund
A thousand foure hundreth & secund
Boffey, Julia, and A. S. G. Edwards, eds. Chaucer, Works. Bodleian Library MS Arch Selden B.24: Facsimile Edition. Cambridge: D. S. Brewer, 1995.
2.Source: Oxford, Bodleian Library Bodley 638 (SC 2078), ff. 38v-45v
First Lines:
Cvpide vnto whos commaundement
The gentill kynrede of goddis an hye…
Last Lines:
…The yere of grace ioifull & iocunde
A thousand & foure hondrid & secounde
Attributed Title: The Lettre Of Cupide god of Loue (f. 38v); The Lettre of Cupyde (RT); Explicit the Lettre of Cupide god of loue directide to his suggestys louers (f. 45v)
Robinson, Pamela. “Introduction.” Manuscript Bodley 638: A Facsimile. Norman, OK: Pilgrim, and Woodbridge: Boydell and Brewer, 1982.
3.Source: Oxford, Bodleian Library Digby 181 (SC 1782), ff. 1-6v
First Lines:
To hire name ȝhit is it no reprefe
ffor all to vertu was þat she wrowght…
Last Lines:
…The yeer of grace ioyfull and iocounde
A thowsand foure hundred the secunde
Note: Begins imperfectly due to lost first leaf; stanzas disarranged.
Attributed Title: Explicit littera Cupidinis directa Subditis suis Amatoribus (f. 6v)
4.Source: Oxford, Bodleian Library Fairfax 16 (SC 3896), ff. 40-47
First Lines:
Cupido vn to whos comaundement
the gentil kynrede of goddis an hy…
Last Lines:
…the yere of grace Ioyful and Iocunde
A thousand and foure hondred and secounde
Attributed Author: hocclyffe (added by Stowe, f. 40); T. hocleve (added by Stowe, f. 47)
Attributed Title: Littera Cupidinis dei Amatoris directa subditis suis amatoribus (f. 40); The letter of Cupido (RT); Explicit littera Cupidinis dei amatoris directa suis subditis (f. 47)
Norton-Smith, John. “Introduction.” Bodleian Library MS Fairfax 16. London: Scolar Press, 1979.
Skeat, Walter William, ed. The Complete Works of Geoffrey Chaucer. 7 vols. Oxford: Clarendon, 1894-7: 7.217-32.
Furnivall, Frederick James, ed. Hoccleve’s Works: The Minor Poems. vol. 1. EETS e.s. 61 (1892); repr. with Gollancz (1925) 73; rev. J. Mitchell and A. Ian Doyle, 1970: 72-91.
5.Source: Oxford, Bodleian Library Tanner 346 (SC 10173), ff. 41-48v
First Lines:
Cvpido vn to whos comaumdement
The gentil kinrede of goddis an hy…
Last Lines:
…The yere of grace ioyfull and iocunde
A thowsande and foure hundred and seconde
Attributed Title: Incipit littera Cupidinis dei Amoris directa Subditis suis Amatoribus (f. 41); Explicit littera Cupidinis dei amoris directa subditis suis amatoribus (f. 48v)
Robinson, Pamela. “Introduction.” Manuscript Tanner 346: A Facsimile. Norman, OK: Pilgrim, and Woodbridge: Boydell and Brewer, 1980.
Urry, John, ed. The Works of Geoffrey Chaucer. London: B. Lintot, 1721: 534.
Arber, Edward. An English Garner: Ingatherings from our history and literature. London, 1882: 4.54-71.
Pollard, Alfred William. Fifteenth Century Prose and Verse. A Volume of Arber’s ‘English Garner’…. Westminster and New York: Dutton, 1903: 14-31.
6.Source: Cambridge UK, Cambridge University Library Ff.1.6 [Findern MS], ff. 71-80v
First Lines:
Cupido vnto whos commaundement
The gentil kynred of goddes an hye
And peple infernall bene obedyent
And al mortell folke seruen besely…
Last Lines:
…Thus thei despised ben on euery syde
And sclaundred and blowne on full wyde
Attributed Author: by Chaucer or Occleve (added by later hand, f. 71)
Attributed Title: Incipit littera Cupidinis de Amoris direta suis subditis amatoribus (f. 71)
Beadle, Richard, and Alfred E. B. Owen. The Findern Manuscript: Cambridge University Library MS. F.1.6. London: Scolar Press, 1977.
7.Source: Cambridge UK, Trinity College R.3.20 (600), pp. 116-130
First Lines:
Cvpido vn to whas commaundementes
þe gentil kynrede of goddes on hye
And people infernal been obedyent
And alle mortel folk serve besely…
Last Lines:
…Þe yeere of grace Ioyefull and iocounde
A thousande foure hundreþe yeres and secound
Attributed Author: Thomas Occleue (p. 116)
Attributed Title: Nowe here filowing beginneþe a lytel traytis made and compyled by Thomas Occleue of þoffice of þe priue seel specifying þe maners and þe conuersacions booþe of men and wymmen conuersantes in þis lytell yle of Albyone (p. 116); A Gode Parable made by Occleue (RT)
8.Source: Durham, Durham University Library Cosin V.ii.13, ff. 106-112v
First Lines:
Cvpide vnto whos commaundement
The gentil kynred of the goddes an hye…
Last Lines:
…The yer of grace ioyfull & iecunde
A thowsand fowrhundreth þe secund
Attributed Title: Explicit littera Cupidinis directa subditis suis Amatoribus (f. 112v)
9.Source: Edinburgh, National Library of Scotland, Advocates’ 1.1.6 [Bannatyne MS], ff. 269-274v
First Lines:
Cupeid vnto quhois commandiment
The gentill kinreid of the goddis sa hye…
Last Lines:
…The ȝeir of grace Ioyfull and Iocound
A thowsand four hundreth and the secound
Attributed Author: ffinis quod chauseir (f. 274v)
Attributed Title: ffollowis the lettre of cupeid (f. 269)
Fox, Denton, and William A. Ringler. The Bannatyne Manuscript: National Library of Scotland Advocates’ MS. 1.1.6 London: Scolar Press, in Association with The National Library of Scotland, 1980.
Murdoch, James Barclay. The Bannatyne Manuscript. 4 vols. in 11 parts, paged continuously. Hunterian Club 16, 32, 40, 46, 50, 55-56, 64-67 Glasgow: Anderson, 1873-1896: 783.
Ritchie, W. Tod, ed. The Bannatyne Manuscript. 4 parts in 4 vols. Scottish Text Society 3rd ser. 5 (1928); n.s. 22 (1928); n.s. 23 (1930); n.s. 26 (1934) Edinburgh and London: Blackwood, 1928-34; ed. by Ritchie et al: 4.49-64.
10.Source: San Marino, CA, Henry Huntington Library HM 744 [olim Ashburnham 133; olim Gollancz], ff. 39v-50v
First Lines:
Cupido vn to whos commandement
The gentil kynrede of goddes on hy…
Last Lines:
…The yeer of grace ioieful & iocunde
Ml CCC and secounde
Attributed Title: Lepistre de Cupide (f. 39v); Explicit epistola Cupidinis (f. 50v)
Burrow, John, and A. I. Doyle, eds. Thomas Hoccleve: A Facsimile of the Autograph Verse Manuscripts. EETS s.s. 19 (2002).
Gollancz, Israel, ed. Hoccleve’s Works: The Minor Poems. vol. 2. EETS e.s. 73 (1925); repr. with 61, 1970: 20-34.
Gray, Douglas. The Oxford Book of Late Medieval Verse and Prose. Oxford: Clarendon, 1985: 49-50.

Print Witnesses:
1.Source: Geoffrey Chaucer, Workes, Thynne, 1532 , ff. 371rb-374ra
First Lines:
Cvpyde vnto whose commaundement
The gentyl kynrede of goddes on hye…
Last Lines:
…The yere of grace ioyful and iocunde
A thousande foure hundred and seconde
Attributed Title: Here after foloweth the letter of Cupyde (f. 371ra); Thus endeth the letter of Cupyde… (f. 374ra)
Stowe, John, ed. The Workes of Geffrey Chaucer…with diuers addicions, with the Siege of Thebes, compiled by J. Lidgate. London, J. Kyngston for J. Wight, 1561 (STC 5075): (which is ed. Chalmers (1810), 1.542-6).