The Digital Index of Middle English Verse
IMEV 199
All righeousness doth now proceed
John Lydgate, ‘Rammeshorne’ — seven 8-line stanzas including refrain, ‘As ryȝth as a rams horne’ or ‘A resoun of the Rammeshorne’
Note: Ringler Jr. (1992), TM 121.
Author(s): John Lydgate
Title(s): ‘Rammeshorne’
Subjects: evils of the time; advice, to princes; counsel, moral; political poems; virtues; satire
Versification: — eight-line — ababbcbc
Bibliographic Ghosts: Cambridge UK, Magdalene College Pepys 2553, p. 187: not in this MS.

Manuscript Witnesses:
1.Source: Oxford, Bodleian Library Ashmole 61 (SC 6922*), ff. 5v-6
First Lines:
Thus Ryght wysnes do now procede
And sytyht lyke A gay emprece
Law hath lorn All maner of mede
Ant settyht vp treuth als hyȝe as god is …
Last Lines:
…Thus be we gouerned for soth as I gesse
Conueyed by lyn
Shuffleton, George. Ashmole 61: A Compilation of Popular Middle English Verse. Kalamazoo, MI: Western Michigan University for TEAMS, 2008: 30-2; 421-4; 598.
2.Source: Oxford, Bodleian Library Bodley 686 (SC 2527), ff. 190v-191v
First Lines:
Al rightwesnesse doth now procede
Sitte crowned lich an Emperesse…
Last Lines:
…þus eche estate is gouerned in sothnesse
Conueyed by lyue right as arammes horne
Attributed Author: Lydgate (RT)
Attributed Title: Here … begynneþ a tretis of þe rammeshorne (f. 190v); Here endeth a sotil compiled reson of þe Crabbe (191v)
3.Source: Cambridge UK, Trinity College O.9.38 (1450), ff. 27-27v
First Lines:
All ryȝtsowsnes now doth procede
Syttyth crowned lyke an emperas…
Last Lines:
…Thys eche a state ys gouyrned yn sothnes
Conveyd by lyne ryȝt as a rammys horne
Attributed Title: As ryȝth as a rams horne (added by later hand, f. 27)
4.Source: Cambridge UK, Trinity College O.9.38 (1450), f. 121v
Note: Stanza 6 only.
5.Source: London, British Library Addit. 29729, ff. 10-10v
First Lines:
All ryghtwysnes now dothe procede
sytte crownede lyke an emperesse…
Last Lines:
…thus eche astate ys governed in sothenes
conveyed by lyne ryght as a rammes horne
Attributed Author: quod Iohn ludgate / writen out of Mstr Philyppes boke (below last line, f. 10v) by scribe (John Stow)
Attributed Title: quod Iohn ludgate / writen out of Mstr Philyppes boke (below last line, f. 10v) by scribe (John Stow)
6.Source: London, British Library Harley 172, ff. 71v-72v
First Lines:
Alle ryghtwysnes now dothe procede
Sytte crownede lyke an emperesse…
Last Lines:
…Thus eche astate ys gouernede in sothenes
conveyed by lyne ryght as a rammes horn
Attributed Author: quod I ludgate (f. 72v, by scribe)
Halliwell-Phillipps, James Orchard, ed. A Selection from the Minor Poems of Don John Lydgate. Percy Society 2. London: T. Richard, 1840: 171-3.
7.Source: London, British Library Harley 2251, f. 19
First Lines:
…Ipocrise chaunged hath his weede
Taken anabite of vertuous gladnesse…
Last Lines:
…Thus eche astate is gouerned in sothnesse
Conueyed by lyne right as a Rammeshorn
Note: The last three stanzas only.
8.Source: London, British Library Harley 4011, f. 1ra-1rb
First Lines:
All riȝtwisnes doþe now procede
Sittith crownyd like an emperesse…
Last Lines:
…Þus eche estate is gouernyd yn soþefastnes
conveyed by lyne riȝt as a rammes horne
Attributed Author: By lydgate (in rubric above first line, by scribe, f. 1ra)
9.Source: London, British Library Lansdowne 409, f. 265v
Note: 8 stanzas.
10.Source: Edinburgh, National Library of Scotland, Advocates’ 1.1.6 [Bannatyne MS], ff. 79v-80
First Lines:
All rychtous thing the quhilk dois now proceid
Is crownit lyk vnto an emperess…
Last Lines:
…and every stait is gouernit as I gess
Als leill by lyne rycht as a rammis horne
Note: 6 stanzas.
Fox, Denton, and William A. Ringler. The Bannatyne Manuscript: National Library of Scotland Advocates’ MS. 1.1.6 London: Scolar Press, in Association with The National Library of Scotland, 1980.
Sibbald, John. Chronicle of Scottish Poetry…. 4 vols. Edinburgh and London, 1802: 3.221-2.
Fitzgibbon, Henry Macaulay. Early English and Scottish Poetry. London, New York, and Melbourne: White, 1888: 78-9.
Dalrymple, Sir David, Lord Hailes. Ancient Scottish Poems. Edinburgh, 1770; repr. London, 1815: 207-9.
Murdoch, James Barclay. The Bannatyne Manuscript. 4 vols. in 11 parts, paged continuously. Hunterian Club 16, 32, 40, 46, 50, 55-56, 64-67 Glasgow: Anderson, 1873-1896: 219-20.
Ritchie, W. Tod, ed. The Bannatyne Manuscript. 4 parts in 4 vols. Scottish Text Society 3rd ser. 5 (1928); n.s. 22 (1928); n.s. 23 (1930); n.s. 26 (1934) Edinburgh and London: Blackwood, 1928-34; ed. by Ritchie et al: 2.201-2.
11.Source: San Marino, CA, Henry Huntington Library EL 26.A.13 [olim Bridgewater], ff. 13-13v
First Lines:
Al right wisnesse dothe now procede
Sitte crowned liche an Emperesse…
Last Lines:
…Thus eche astate is gouerned yn sothenesse
Conueied be lyne right as a rammeshorne
Attributed Title: A resoun of the Rammeshorne (f. 13)
MacCracken, Henry Noble, ed. John Lydgate: The Minor Poems, Vol. II: Secular Poems. EETS o.s. 192 (1934); repr. 1961: 461-4.