The Digital Index of Middle English Verse
IMEV 375
As I went in a merry morning
A carol with refrain, ‘Timor mortis conturbat me’ — seven quatrains (aaab) including this refrain, and burden (bb): ‘In what state that ever I be / Timor mortis conturbat me
Note: Cf. 617 and 634; Ringler Jr. (1992) TM 190; Ringler Jr. (1988) TP 170.5.
Subjects: chansons d’aventure ; carols, of mortality; birds, as narrators; death, fear of
Versification: — four-line, two-line — aaab, aa

Manuscript Witnesses:
1.Source: Oxford, Bodleian Library Eng. poet. e.1 (SC 29734), ff. 38v-39
First Lines:
As I went in a mery mornyng
I hard a byrd boþ wep & syng …
Last Lines:
…& be at owr and whan we sterue
& frome þe fynd he vs preserue
Flügel, Ewald. “Liedersammlungen des XVI Jahrhunderts….” Anglia 26 (1903): 94-285: 191-2.
Wright, Thomas, ed. Songs and Carols from a manuscript…of the Fifteenth Century. Percy Society 23. London: Richards, 1847: 57-8.
Patterson, Frank A. The Middle English Penitential Lyric. Columbia University Studies in English. New York: Columbia Press, 1911: 102-3.
Greene, Richard Leighton. The Early English Carols. Oxford: Clarendon, 1935; 2nd ed., rev., Oxford: Clarendon, 1977: 248; 1977, 220.
Greene, Richard Leighton, ed. A Selection of English Carols. Clarendon Medieval and Tudor Series. Oxford: Clarendon, 1962: 137.
Stevick, Robert D., ed. One Hundred Middle English Lyrics. Indianapolis: Bobbs-Merrill, 1964: 135-6.
2.Source: Oxford, Balliol College 354, p. 3743
First Lines:
As I me walked on mornyng
I hard a birde both wepe & synge…
Last Lines:
…Þerfore this songe synge I may
In what place or contrey can I not say
Timor mortis conturbat me
Note: Four stanzas (1,2,4,3) and burden
Early Manuscripts at Oxford University: Facsimile of Oxford, Balliol MS 354. (
Flügel, Ewald. “Liedersammlungen des XVI Jahrhunderts….” Anglia 26 (1903): 94-285: 191-2.
Dyboski, R., ed. Songs, Carols and Other Miscellaneous Poems from Balliol MS. 354, Richard Hill’s Commonplace Book. EETS e.s. 101 (1908); repr. 1984: 3.
Chambers, Edmund Kerchever, and Frank Sidgwick. Early English Lyrics…. London: Buller, 1907, 1911 et seq: 150.
Segar, Mary Gertrude, ed. A Mediaeval Anthology. London, NY: Longmans, Green, 1915: 100.
Segar, Mary Gertrude, and Emmeline Paxton, eds. Some Minor Poems of the Middle Ages. London, NY: Longmans, Green, 1917: 41.
Kaiser, Rolf, ed. Alt- und mittelenglische Anthologie. Berlin, 1954; 3rd ed.; trans. as Medieval English: a Old English and Middle English Anthology Berlin West, 1958: 290.
Blench, J. W. Preaching in England in the late fifteenth and sixteenth centuries; a study of English sermons 1450- c. 1600. New York: Barnes and Noble, 1964: 322-3.
Sisam, Celia, and Kenneth Sisam, eds. The Oxford Book of Medieval English Verse. Oxford: Clarendon, 1970: 525.

Print Witnesses:
1.Source: STC 5204.3. [Christmasse Carolles], Treveris, [1528?] , part c, sig. 1
Note: Four stanzas (1,2,4,3) and burden
Reed, Ernest Bliss. Christmas Carols Printed in the Sixteenth Century Huntington Library Publications. Cambridge, MA: Harvard UP, 1932 [= Kele, ca. 1550]: 59.